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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 21, issue 12
Ann. Geophys., 21, 2281–2292, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-21-2281-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 21, 2281–2292, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-21-2281-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 Dec 2003

31 Dec 2003

Energetic particle counterparts for geomagnetic pulsations of Pc1 and IPDP types

T. A. Yahnina1, A. G. Yahnin1, J. Kangas2, J. Manninen2, D. S. Evans3, A. G. Demekhov4, V. Yu. Trakhtengerts4, M. F. Thomsen5, G. D. Reeves5, and B. B. Gvozdevsky1 T. A. Yahnina et al.
  • 1Polar Geophysical Institute, Apatity, Murmansk region, Russia
  • 2Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, Sodankylä, Finland
  • 3NOAA Space Environmental Center, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • 4Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
  • 5Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA

Abstract. Using the low-altitude NOAA satellite particle data, we study two kinds of localised variations of energetic proton fluxes at low altitude within the anisotropic zone equatorward of the isotropy boundary. These flux variation types have a common feature, i.e. the presence of precipitating protons measured by the MEPED instrument at energies more than 30 keV, but they are distinguished by the fact of the presence or absence of the lower-energy component as measured by the TED detector on board the NOAA satellite. The localised proton precipitating without a low-energy component occurs mostly in the morning-day sector, during quiet geomagnetic conditions, without substorm injections at geosynchronous orbit, and without any signatures of plasmaspheric plasma expansion to the geosynchronous distance. This precipitation pattern closely correlates with ground-based observations of continuous narrow-band Pc1 pulsations in the frequency range 0.1–2 Hz (hereafter Pc1). The precipitation pattern containing the low energy component occurs mostly in the evening sector, under disturbed geomagnetic conditions, and in association with energetic proton injections and significant increases of cold plasma density at geosynchronous orbit. This precipitation pattern is associated with geomagnetic pulsations called Intervals of Pulsations with Diminishing Periods (IPDP), but some minor part of the events is also related to narrow-band Pc1. Both Pc1 and IPDP pulsations are believed to be the electromagnetic ion-cyclotron waves generated by the ion-cyclotron instability in the equatorial plane. These waves scatter energetic protons in pitch angles, so we conclude that the precipitation patterns studied here are the particle counterparts of the ion-cyclotron waves.

Key words. Ionosphere (particle precipitation) – Magnetospheric physics (energetic particles, precipitating) – Space plasma physics (wave-particle interactions)

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