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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 21, issue 7
Ann. Geophys., 21, 1653–1665, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-21-1653-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 21, 1653–1665, 2003
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-21-1653-2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 Jul 2003

31 Jul 2003

Generation of layering in the upper arctic troposphere away from the jet stream

A. Karpetchko2,1, E. Kyro1, and P. von der Gathen3 A. Karpetchko et al.
  • 1Finnish Meteorological Institute, Arctic Research Centre, Tähteläntie 62, FIN-99600 Sodankylä, Finland
  • 2on leave from the Polar Geophysical Institute, Fersman Str.14, 184209, Apatity, Russia
  • 3Alfred Wegener Institute, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany

Abstract. Ozone sounding databases for two stations, So-dankylä (67° N, 27° E) and Ny-Ålesund (79° N, 12° E) were used in order to investigate the generation of layering in the upper and middle troposphere of the Arctic. We concentrated on dry, ozone-rich and stable layers observed below the thermal tropopause under light wind conditions. This condition ensures that the observed layer is not a tropopause fold, a well-known phenomenon that develops within frontal zones near the jet stream. Selection criteria for ozone, humidity and stability anomalies of the tropopause fold detection algorithm were used here to pick out for detailed studies the most pronounced examples of laminae. For all these cases the meteorological situations were investigated in order to establish the origin of the observed layers. We found that layers could be classified into two groups. Laminae of the first group were observed equatorward of the jet stream and those of a second group were observed poleward of the jet. The meteorological situation for the first group resembles that for equatorward stratospheric streamer propagation. It was found that this group accounts for only a small fraction of the layers observed at Sodankylä and for none of those observed at Ny-Ålesund during the period investigated. A large case-to-case variability in the synoptic situation was observed for the second group of laminae, which were detected northward of the jet stream. Nevertheless, in about half of the cases, streamers of tropospheric air were found in the vicinity of the stations on the isentropic surfaces just above the detected stratospheric layers. Back trajectory analyses showed that these layers originated in the vicinity of the polar jet stream. We suppose that laminae-like structures in the troposphere were caused, in both groups, by equatorward (poleward) advection of the stratospheric (tropospheric) air, together with differential vertical shear. Forward-trajectory calculations suggest that, subsequently, a part of the stratospheric layers can mix irreversibly into the troposphere.

Key words. Atmospheric composition and structure (pressure, density, and temperature; troposphere-composition and chemistry)

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