On the heliolatitudinal variation of the galactic cosmic-ray intensity. Comparison with Ulysses measurements
Abstract. We study the dependence of cosmic rays with heliolatitude using a simple method and compare the results with the actual data from Ulysses and IMP spacecraft. We reproduce the galactic cosmic-ray heliographic latitudinal intensity variations, applying a semi-empirical, 2-D diffusion-convection model for the cosmic-ray transport in the interplanetary space. This model is a modification of our previous 1-D model (Exarhos and Moussas, 2001) and includes not only the radial diffusion of the cosmic-ray particles but also the latitudinal diffusion. Dividing the interplanetary region into "spherical magnetic sectors" (a small heliolatitudinal extension of a spherical magnetized solar wind plasma shell) that travel into the interplanetary space at the solar wind velocity, we calculate the cosmic-ray intensity for different heliographic latitudes as a series of successive intensity drops that all these "spherical magnetic sectors" between the Sun and the heliospheric termination shock cause the unmodulated galactic cosmic-ray intensity. Our results are compared with the Ulysses cosmic-ray measurements obtained during the first pole-to-pole passage from mid-1994 to mid-1995.
Key words. Interplanetary physics (cosmic rays; interplanetray magnetic fields; solar wind plasma)