Articles | Volume 21, issue 6
Ann. Geophys., 21, 1257–1261, 2003

Special issue: Ulysses and Beyond

Ann. Geophys., 21, 1257–1261, 2003

  30 Jun 2003

30 Jun 2003

How did the solar wind structure change around the solar maximum? From interplanetary scintillation observation

K. Fujiki1, M. Kojima1, M. Tokumaru1, T. Ohmi1, A. Yokobe*,1, K. Hayashi1, D. J. McComas2, and H. A. Elliott2 K. Fujiki et al.
  • 1Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, 3-13 Honohara, Toyokawa, Aichi, Japan
  • 2Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, USA
  • *SGI Japan, Ltd., 4-20-3 Ebisu, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract. Observations from the second Ulysses fast latitude scan show that the global structure of solar wind near solar maximum is much more complex than at solar minimum. Soon after solar maximum, Ulysses observed a polar coronal hole (high speed) plasma with magnetic polarity of the new solar cycle in the Northern Hemisphere. We analyze the solar wind structure at and near solar maximum using interplanetary scintillation (IPS) measurements. To do this, we have developed a new tomographic technique, which improves our ability to examine the complex structure of the solar wind at solar maximum. Our IPS results show that in 1999 and 2000 the total area with speed greater than 700 km s-1 is significantly reduced first in the Northern Hemisphere and then in the Southern Hemisphere. For year 2001, we find that the formation of large areas of fast solar wind around the north pole precedes the formation of large polar coronal holes around the southern pole by several months. The IPS observations show a high level agreement to the Ulysses observation, particularly in coronal holes.

Key words. Interplanetary physics (solar wind plasma) – Radio science (remote sensing)

Special issue