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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 20, issue 4
Ann. Geophys., 20, 427–444, 2002
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-20-427-2002
© Author(s) 2002. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 20, 427–444, 2002
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-20-427-2002
© Author(s) 2002. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  30 Apr 2002

30 Apr 2002

Particle transport in 3He-rich events: wave-particle interactions and particle anisotropy measurements

B. T. Tsurutani1, L. D. Zhang1, G. L. Mason2,3, G. S. Lakhina4, T. Hada5, J. K. Arballo1, and R. D. Zwickl6 B. T. Tsurutani et al.
  • 1Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA
  • 2Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
  • 3Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
  • 4Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Colaba, Mumbai/Bombay, India
  • 5Earth System Science Technology, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Japan
  • 6National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Space Environment Laboratory, Boulder, Colorado, USA
  • Correspondence to: B. T. Tsurutani
  • (bruce.tsurutani@jpl.nasa.gov)

Abstract. Energetic particles and MHD waves are studied using simultaneous ISEE-3 data to investigate particle propagation and scattering between the source near the Sun and 1 AU. 3 He-rich events are of particular interest because they are typically low intensity "scatter-free" events. The largest solar proton events are of interest because they have been postulated to generate their own waves through beam instabilities. For 3 He-rich events, simultaneous interplanetary magnetic spectra are measured. The intensity of the interplanetary "fossil" turbulence through which the particles have traversed is found to be at the "quiet" to "intermediate" level of IMF activity. Pitch angle scattering rates and the corresponding particle mean free paths lW - P are calculated using the measured wave intensities, polarizations, and k directions. The values of lW - P are found to be ~ 5 times less than the value of lHe , the latter derived from He intensity and anisotropy time profiles. It is demonstrated by computer simulation that scattering rates through a 90° pitch angle are lower than that of other pitch angles, and that this is a possible explanation for the discrepancy between the lW - P and lHe values. At this time the scattering mechanism(s) is unknown. We suggest a means where a direct comparison between the two l values could be made. Computer simulations indicate that although scattering through 90° is lower, it still occurs. Possibilities are either large pitch angle scattering through resonant interactions, or particle mirroring off of field compression regions. The largest solar proton events are analyzed to investigate the possibilities of local wave generation at 1 AU. In accordance with the results of a previous calculation (Gary et al., 1985) of beam stability, proton beams at 1 AU are found to be marginally stable. No evidence for substantial wave amplitude was found. Locally generated waves, if present, were less than 10-3 nT 2 Hz-1 at the leading proton event edge, where dispersion effects (beaming) are the greatest, and at the point of peak proton flux, where the particle energy flux is the greatest.

Key words. Interplanetary physics (energetic particles; MHD waves and turbulence) – Space plasma physics (charged particle motion and acceleration; wave-particle interactions)

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