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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 19, issue 7
Ann. Geophys., 19, 761–772, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-761-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 19, 761–772, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-19-761-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 Jul 2001

31 Jul 2001

Long-term hmF2 trends in the Eurasian longitudinal sector from the ground-based ionosonde observations

D. Marin1, A. V. Mikhailov2, B. A. Morena1, and M. Herraiz3 D. Marin et al.
  • 1Atmospheric Sounding Station "El Arenosillo", INTA, Ctra. San Juan del Puerto-Matalascanas Km. 33, 21130 Mazagon, Huelva, Spain
  • 2IZMIRAN, Academy of Sciences, Troitsk, Moscow Region 142092, Russia
  • 3Dept. of Geophysics and Meteorology, Faculty of Physics, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid, Spain

Abstract. The method earlier used for the foF2 long-term trends analysis is applied to reveal hmF2 long-term trends at 27 ionosonde stations in the European and Asian longitudinal sectors. Observed M(3000)F2 data for the last 3 solar cycles are used to derive hmF2 trends. The majority of the studied stations show significant hmF2 linear trends with a confidence level of at least 95% for the period after 1965, with most of these trends being positive. No systematic variation of the trend magnitude with latitude is revealed, but some longitudinal effect does take place. The proposed geomagnetic storm concept to explain hmF2 long-term trends proceeds from a natural origin of the trends rather than an artificial one related to the thermosphere cooling due to the greenhouse effect.

Key words. Ionosphere (ionosphere-atmosphere interaction)

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