Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Ann. Geophys., 15, 570–586, 1997

Special issue: Interball

Ann. Geophys., 15, 570–586, 1997

  31 May 1997

31 May 1997

Initial observations of fine plasma structures at the flank magnetopause with the complex plasma analyzer SCA-1 onboard the Interball Tail Probe

O. L. Vaisberg1, L. A. Avanov1, V. N. Smirnov1, J. L. Burch3, A. W. Leibov1, E. B. Ivanova1, J. H. Waite Jr.3, A. A. Klimashev2, B. I. Khazanov2, I. I. Cherkashin2, M .V. Iovlev2, A. Yu. Safronov2, A. I. Kozhukhovsky1, C. Gurgiolo3, and V. H. Lichtenstein4 O. L. Vaisberg et al.
  • 1Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 84/32 Profsoyuznaya str., 117810 Moscow, Russia
  • 2State Research Institute of Scientific Instrumentation, 6 Raspletina str., 123060 Moscow, Russia
  • 3Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, P.O. Drawer 28510, San Antonio, Texas 78228-0510, USA
  • 4Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia

Abstract. The fast plasma analyzer EU-1 of the SCA-1 complex plasma spectrometer is installed onboard the Interball Tail Probe (Interball-1). It provides fast three-dimensional measurements of the ion distribution function on the low-spin-rate Prognoz satellite (about 2min). The EU-1 ion spectrometer with virtual aperture consists of two detectors with 16 E/Q narrow-angle analyzers and electrostatic scanners. This configuration allows one to measure the ion distribution function in three dimensions (over 15 energy steps in 50 eV/Q–5.0 keV/Q energy range in 64 directions) in 7.5 s, which makes it independent of the slow rotation speed of the satellite. A description of the instrument and its capabilities is given. We present here the preliminary results of measurements of ions for two cases of the dawn low- and mid-latitude magnetopause crossings. The properties of observed ion structures and their tentative explanation are presented. The 12 September 1995 pass at low latitude at about 90° solar-zenith angle on the dawn side of the magnetosphere is considered in more detail. Dispersive ions are seen at the edge of the magnetopause and at the edges of subsequently observed plasma structures. Changes in ion velocity distribution in plasma structures observed after the first magnetopause crossing suggest that what resembles multiple magnetopause crossings may be plasma blobs penetrating the magnetosphere. Observed variations of plasma parameters near magnetopause structures suggest nonstationary reconnection as the most probable mechanism for observed structures.

Special issue