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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 15, issue 5
Ann. Geophys., 15, 533–541, 1997
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-997-0533-0
© European Geosciences Union 1997

Special issue: Interball

Ann. Geophys., 15, 533–541, 1997
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-997-0533-0
© European Geosciences Union 1997

  31 May 1997

31 May 1997

Ion distribution dynamics near the Earth's bow shock: first measurements with the 2D ion energy spectrometer CORALL on the INTERBALL/Tail-probe satellite

Yu. I. Yermolaev1, A. O. Fedorov1, O. L. Vaisberg1, V. M. Balebanov1, Yu. A. Obod1, R. Jimenez2, J. Fleites2, L. Llera2, and A. N. Omelchenko3 Yu. I. Yermolaev et al.
  • 1Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
  • 2Intercosmos, Republic of Cuba
  • 3Institute of Applied Geophysics, Russian Hydrometeorological Service, Russia

Abstract. The dynamics of the ion distribution function near the Earth's bow shock is studied on the basis of quasi-3D measurements of ion energy spectra in the range of 30–24200 eV/q with the Russian-Cuban CORALL instrument on the INTERBALL/Tail-probe satellite. The instrument was designed for observations of magnetospheric plasma and measures ions, in an angular range of 36°–144° from the Earth-Sun direction. Ion populations generated by the Earth bow shock are often observed upstream from the bow shock. In the solar-wind stream compressed and heated by the passing of very dense magnetic cloud (CME), two types of these ion populations were measured upstream and before the bow shock crossing on 25 August 1995 at 07:37 UT. Both populations were observed in the energy range above 2 keV. At ~06:20 UT, when the angle between the direction of the interplanetary magnetic field and normal to the bow shock VBn was ≃ 43° the instrument observed a narrow, fast (~800 km/s) field-aligned beam moving from the Earth. At ~07:30, when <vartheta>Bn ≃ 28°, the wide ion pitch-angle distribution was observed. A similar suprathermal ion population is observed in the magnetosheath simultaneously with the solar-wind ion population being heated and deflected from the Sun-Earth direction. The similarity of observations during the mentioned time-interval and under usual solar-wind conditions allows us to conclude that types of suprathermal ion populations upstream and downstream from the bow shock do not depend on the solar-wind disturbance generated by magnetic cloud.

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