Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 1.490 IF 1.490
  • IF 5-year value: 1.445 IF 5-year
    1.445
  • CiteScore value: 2.9 CiteScore
    2.9
  • SNIP value: 0.789 SNIP 0.789
  • IPP value: 1.48 IPP 1.48
  • SJR value: 0.74 SJR 0.74
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 88 Scimago H
    index 88
  • h5-index value: 21 h5-index 21
Volume 15, issue 12
Ann. Geophys., 15, 1581–1594, 1997
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-997-1581-1
© European Geosciences Union 1997
Ann. Geophys., 15, 1581–1594, 1997
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-997-1581-1
© European Geosciences Union 1997

  31 Dec 1997

31 Dec 1997

Quasi-biennial and quasi-triennial oscillations in geomagnetic activity indices

R. P. Kane R. P. Kane
  • Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias - INPE, Caixa Postal 515, 12201-970 − São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil

Abstract. Data for geomagnetic activity index aa for 1868–1994 were subjected to spectral analysis for 12 intervals each of 11 consecutive years. In each interval, QBO and QTO (quasi-biennial and quasi-triennial oscillations) were observed at ~2.00, 2.15, 2.40, 2.70 y and ~3.20, 3.40 y, but not all in all intervals. These fluctuations are absent near (2–3 y before and after) the sunspot minima and are present only as 2 or 3 peaks in aa indices, one near or before the sunspot maximum and the other (one or two, generally the larger ones) in the declining phase of the sunspot cycle. Comparison with the solar wind (1965 onwards) showed a fairly good match, indicating that the aa variations were mostly due to similar variations in the solar wind, which must have their origin in solar physical processes. A few aa variations did not match with solar wind. When compared with terrestrial phenomena, no match was found with stratospheric low-latitude zonal wind QBO; but some QTO in aa matched QTO in ENSO (El Nino/Southern Oscillation). This may or may not be a chance coincidence and needs further exploration.

Publications Copernicus
Download
Citation