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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 14, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 14, 837–844, 1996
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-996-0837-5
© European Geosciences Union 1996
Ann. Geophys., 14, 837–844, 1996
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-996-0837-5
© European Geosciences Union 1996

  31 Aug 1996

31 Aug 1996

Influence of crystal shapes on radiative fluxes in visible wavelength: ice crystals randomly oriented in space

P. Chervet, H. Isaka, and T. Nakajima P. Chervet et al.

Abstract. Radiative properties of cirrus clouds are one of the major unsolved problems in climate studies and global radiation budget. These clouds are generally composed of various ice-crystal shapes, so we tried to evaluate effects of the ice-crystal shape on radiative fluxes. We calculated radiative fluxes of cirrus clouds with a constant geometrical depth, composed of ice crystals with different shapes (hexagonal columns, bullets, bullet-rosettes), sizes and various concentrations. We considered ice particles randomly oriented in space (3D case) and their scattering phase functions were calculated by a ray-tracing method. We calculated radiative fluxes for cirrus layers for different microphysical characteristics by using a discrete-ordinate radiative code. Results showed that the foremost effect of the ice-crystal shape on radiative properties of cirrus clouds was that on the optical thickness, while the variation of the scattering phase function with the ice shape remained less than 3% for our computations. The ice-water content may be a better choice to parameterize the optical properties of cirrus, but the shape effect must be included.

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