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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 13, issue 2
Ann. Geophys., 13, 159–167, 1995
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-995-0159-z
© European Geosciences Union 1995
Ann. Geophys., 13, 159–167, 1995
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-995-0159-z
© European Geosciences Union 1995

  28 Feb 1995

28 Feb 1995

The polarization of Pc5 ULF waves around dawn: A possible ionospheric conductivity gradient effect

G. Chisham, D. Orr, T. K. Yeoman, D. K. Milling, M. Lester, and J. A. Davies G. Chisham et al.

Abstract. In this study over 100 Pc5 events observed on the SAMNET magnetometer array have been catalogued. The ground horizontal polarization of these waves has been investigated and it has been shown that there are large differences between the polarization azimuth distributions on either side of noon. In the morning the azimuth distributions are spread evenly across all possible orientations whereas in the afternoon they are predominantly in a North-South orientation. The difference appears to be the result of a specific polarization pattern that occurred across the SAMNET array for 31 of the Pc5 events. These 31 Pc5 events all occurred in the morning sector, close to the dawn terminator. It is suggested that this special polarization pattern is a consequence of ionospheric conductivity gradients that occur at around dawn. This theory is reinforced by the comparison of the local times of these polarization variations with the local time of sunrise. By employing ionospheric conductivity data from the EISCAT radar for two of these Pc5 events, this connection has been studied in more detail.

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