Ionospheric Upwelling and the Level of Associated Noise at Solar Minimum
Abstract. We have studied the ionospheric upwelling with magnitude above 1013 m−2 s−1 using the data during the IPY-ESR 2007 campaign, which coincides with solar minimum. The noise level in low, medium and high-flux upflows is investigated. We found that the noise level in high-flux upflow is about 93 % while the low and medium categories are 62 % and 80 %, respectively. This shows that robust and stringent filtering techniques must be ensured when analysing incoherent data in order not to bias the result. Analysis reveals that the frequency of the low-flux upflow events is about 8 and 73 times the medium and high-flux upflow events, respectively. Seasonal observation shows that the noise level in the upflow classes is predominantly during winter. The noise is minimal in summer, with a notable result indicating occurrence of actual data above noise in the low-flux class. Moreover, the percentage occurrence of the noise level in the data increases with increasing flux strength, irrespective of the season. Further analysis reveals that the noise level in the local time variation peaked around 17 – 18 LT and minimum around local noon.
Viewed (geographical distribution)