21 Jun 2022
21 Jun 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal ANGEO.

Effects of the terdiurnal tide on the Sporadic-E layers (Es) development at low latitudes over the Brazilian sector

Pedro Alves Fontes1,2, Marcio Tadeu Assis Honorato Muella1, Laysa Cristina Araujo Resende3,4, Vânia Fátima Andrioli3,4, Paulo Roberto Fagundes1, Valdir Gil Pillat1, Paulo Prado Batista3, and Alexander José Carrasco3,5 Pedro Alves Fontes et al.
  • 1Universidade do Vale do Paraíba – Univap, São José dos Campos – SP, Brasil
  • 2Instituto Federal do Maranhão – IFMA, Bacabal – MA, Brasil
  • 3Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais – INPE, São José dos Campos-SP, Brasil
  • 4State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, Beijing, China
  • 5Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela

Abstract. Sporadic-E (Es) layers are patches of high ionization observed at around 100–140 km height in the E region. Their formation at low latitudes are primarily associated with the diurnal and semidiurnal components of the tidal winds via the ion convergence driven by the wind shear mechanism. However, recent studies have shown the influence of other tidal modes, such as the terdiurnal tide. Therefore, this work investigates the effect of terdiurnal tide-like oscillations on the occurrence/formation of the Es layers observed over Palmas (10.17° S; 48.33° W; dip lat. -8.3°), a low latitude station in Brazil. The analysis was conducted from December/2008 to November/2009 by using data collected from a CADI (Canadian Advanced Digital Ionosonde) ionosonde. Additionally, the E Region Ionospheric Model (MIRE) was used to simulate the terdiurnal tidal component in the Es layer development. The results show modulations of 8-hour periods on the occurrence rates of the Es layers during all seasonal periods. In summer and autumn, we see three well-defined peaks in a superimposed summation of the Es layer types per hour. We also observed that the modulation of the terdiurnal tide on the Es occurrence rates minimizes in December, the beginning of the summer season.

Pedro Alves Fontes et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on angeo-2022-17', Anonymous Referee #1, 23 Jul 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on angeo-2022-17', Anonymous Referee #2, 26 Jul 2022

Pedro Alves Fontes et al.

Pedro Alves Fontes et al.


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Short summary
In the terrestrial ionosphere sporadic (metallic) layers are formed. The formation of these layers are related to the action of atmospheric waves. These waves, also named tides, are due to the absorption of solar radiation in the atmosphere. We investigated the role of the tides with 8-hour period in the formation of the sporadic layers. The study was conducted using ionosonde and meteor radar data, and computing simulations. The 8-h tides intensified the density of the sporadic layers.